Pyorrhea: Ward off your Gum disease

pyorrhea_bleeding gumsPyorrhea is made up of two words pyon ( pus ) + orrhea ( secretion ) . so, its word meaning is basically discharge of pus. However, this term is commonly used to refer gums disease, such as sore, swollen or bleeding gums. This article explains how to ward off your gum disease. 

How Pyorrhea Occurs
Our teeth are surrounded by gums. Between teeth and gums, there  exists a narrow space . If oral pyorrheahygiene is not maintained properly, food remnants remain lodged in this space. Gradually germ growth occurs over these food remnants, which leads to infection and inflammation of gums. Gum skin is very delicate so after being inflamed, even a little friction, such as tooth-brushing or forceful spitting can result in bleeding  from gums.
If the problem is not treated at this stage, gum tissues begin to detach from tooth and  Space  between  teeth and gums deepens and widens. This resulting space is known as Pocket. This Pocket facilitates an increased entrapment of food particles into it, which is more difficult to clean.

Moreover, Germ build up on these food remnants can also infect the teeth , and can result in cavities .
Subsequently, Pyorrhea worsens and  gum damage starts. Gums then gradually begin to disappear from tooth root. Thus, the root part of tooth, which earlier was covered from gums, now becomes visible and as a result, teeth appear taller . Infection further proceeds to damage bone, which makes  teeth weak  and loose, which can ultimately lead to shedding of teeth, in  absence of proper treatment.
Symptoms of Pyorrhea
1 . Swollen gums .pyorrhea_loose teeth
2 . Bleeding  gums.
3 . Roots of teeth becoming visible.
4 . Loose Teeth.
Causes of Pyorrhea
1 . Lack of oral hygiene .pyorrhea_lack of oral hygiene
2 . Deficiency of nutrients such as vitamin c in food.
3 . Hormonal instability : the instability is usually seen in pregnancy and adolescence. If these hormonal conditions are accompanied by a lack of oral hygiene, Pyorrhea can arise.
* Increase in the size of the gums can be seen as a side effect of some medications  too, though it  cannot be categorized in  pyorrhea .
*Reason other than pyorrhea, like some trauma or accident can also lead to loose teeth.It even can occur in case of  uneven contact between upper and lower teeth.
Treatment for Pyorrhea
Pyorrhea should be treated as early as possible, lesser is the severity, more are the chances of a successful treatment .
1 .Scaling (Teeth and gum cleaning) : This treatment is  usually quite effective in the treatment  of
pyorrhea-treatment-scaling_procedurepyorrhea. Although if necessary, appropriate medication and other techniques are often employed.
2 . Bone Grafting : This technique is used during advanced stage of pyorrhea, where the bone that support the teeth is damaged. Damaged bone area is repaired by transplant of bone graft in damaged area.
3. Splinting: With the help of a strong metal wire, loose teeth are joined and stabilized.
4. Flap surgery and curettage : This is a specialized form of cleaning. In this deep gum cleaning is done surgically.
5. Gingivectomy : In this technique, the swollen part of gums is cut and removed surgically. However, it is used when pyorrhea do not respond to other treatments.
Preventionpyorrhea_oral hygiene
Prevention from pyorrhea can be done easily by maintenance of oral hygiene. Tooth brushing and mouthwash should be done twice daily. Toothpaste and toothbrush should never be ever compromised with quality, and if possible they should be chosen after consulting a dentist.

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